We document and publish basic material of Historical Research on aspects of Indian History, Culture and Art, including original source material (text and translation) from Persian and Sanskrit; bibliographies and glossaries; and critical works, with distinct emphasis on ART – HISTORY.

Since we began in 1981 at Jaipur, under the name and style: THE HISTORICAL RESEARCH DOCUMENTATION PROGRAMME, we have brought out a number of classical titles, listed hereinafter.

We shifted to Agra in 1995 and we have, accordingly, shifted our emphasis on the study of MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE. Now we operate under the name: THE HERITAGE, an organization working for promotion of the study of Historical Architecture with emphasis on MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE, supplying books, Architectural Drawings and Digital Images of Mughal Monuments of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri, Delhi and other sites to the Institutes and Universities of Architecture, all over the world for the last 14 years.

Biodata of Prof R Nath

Professor R.Nath was born at Agra on 9th March 1933 in an Agarwal family who had flourishing business of cotton durries and woollen carpets in Gujarat and at Bombay, which enabled him to visit the monuments of western India extensively.
His academic taste and innate interest in historical architecture, ultimately led him to rejoin St. John’s College Agra after a gap of nine years. He passed his M.A. (History) in 1965 in First Division with First Position in the University. He did his Ph.D. and D.Litt. on Mughal monuments of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri and Delhi, from Agra University. He taught at Agra College and University of Rajasthan Jaipur, from where he retired, in 1993, as Professor and Head of the Dept. of History and Indian Culture. After retirement he shifted to Agra, his hometown, and has finally settled down at Ajmer (Rajasthan).

Having studied Ancient and Medieval Indian Architecture in the field, and worked at more than 50 historical sites as Delhi, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri, Mathura-Vrindaban, Dig-Bharatpur-Goverdhan, Jaunpur, Sasaram, Gwalior, Chanderi, Khajuraho, Dhar-Mandu, Jaipur-Amer, Ajmer, Chittorgadh, Ahmedabad and Lahore, and
authored 67 books, 14 monographs, 193 research-papers and 300 popular articles, during the last five decades, he is one of the front-ranking scholars and art-historians of the country and an authority, of international repute, on Mughal Architecture.

He was recipient of several research fellowships, including fellowship of the Homi Bhabha Fellowships Council Bombay. He delivered lectures at the Heras Institute Bombay, Fine Arts Department Harvard University (U.S.A.), Iran Society Calcutta,
Salarjung Museum Hyderabad, SIAACM Cochin and National Research Laboratory for conservation Lucknow and many other premier Institutions. He has been regularly attending or contributing papers to National and International Seminars and Conferences on Mughal Architecture.

With one book on standard terminology (glossary) and two on basic bibliographies; five books on style, theory, sources, nomenclature, techniques, symbolism and aesthetics; one book on methodology and historiography; four books on ornamentation; one book on constructional data; nine books on specific sites; and
four multi-volume series and numerous papers, he has directed the course of the study of Indo-Muslim Architecture into scientific channel, and made it a perfect discipline, instead of a compendium of romantic tales, fanciful anecdotes and hearsay legends. His 5-volume monumental series: HISTORY OF MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE is a classic of which first three volumes, Supplement to Vols-I-II and Part-1 of Vol-IV have been published. He has traced the evolutionary process of this style, point by point, and emancipated it from sectarian and racial misnomers. The series is, truly, his magnum opus.

He has also studied the Krishna Temples of the Braja region, of the reigns of Akbar and Jehangir (1556-1627 A.D) which mark the efflorescence of the ‘ideas’, ‘feelings’ and ‘skills’, which travelled from Medapata-Gopadri (Mewar-Gwalior) – to Agra and Fatehpur Sikri – to, finally, Vrindaban, to make up, probably, the most creative and versatile architectural style in Medieval India. He has also worked on the ‘Historical Study of Architectural Prototypes’.

He knows English, Hindi, Urdu, Persian, Sanskrit and Gujarati. He has written several books on Ancient Indian Art, Architecture and Aesthetics, based on Sanskrit texts, of which the Art of Khajuraho has been widely acclaimed. It is essentially a work on ‘Aesthetics’, on which subject his novel book : Ideals of Indian Womanhood (as described in classical Sanskrit texts and depicted in Sculpture) is to be published. Chittorgadh Kirtti-Stambha of Maharana Kumbha (The Idea & the Form, 1440-60) is his other classic on Ancient Indian thought, art and architecture.

Architecture is a veritable chronicle in STONE. The stamp of an age and people – their tastes, beliefs, ideals, values, standards, achievements, ideas, feelings and skills – everything that makes up a Civilization, is most faithfully imprinted upon its

History of Architecture is, in fact, a faithful record of those tender feelings, sublime thoughts and subtle ideas which go to make a Civilization, not of those political intrigues and feuds, and military conflicts which destroy it.

It is extremely difficult to decipher the language of STONES of the past ages, and one has to belong to the region and its  cultural milieu where grew the architectural style, and to its language and literature which made it up. To be able to study architecture of a region, one requires a life-time’s training in the field; he has virtually to live with the MONUMENT, to know it. Without such a constituent affiliation with it, study of architecture is as superfluous as cruising on the surface of the sea, without knowing what lies underneath.

We are sorry to state that Professor R. Nath breathed his last on 27 March 2019.

Precisely, History of Architecture, as of any other fine art, is made in the context of, and with reference to, the cultural milieu, which produced it; it is history of civilization in its most manifest form. Prof Nath’s too is, essentially, a study of the Land, the People and the Culture.

For full details of his work visit website:

Prof. R Nath
M.A., Ph.D., D.Litt.
(Retired Professor of History, University of Rajasthan,

7, Gulab Bari Enclave,  Gulab Bari Area, AJMER (Rajasthan) – 305007  Phone : +91 9509932229  Email:

President Shankar Dayal Sharma releasing our Book  in the year 1994 at President House New Delhi.


President Shankar Dayal Sharma releasing our Book  in the year 1994 at President House New Delhi.



School of Mughal Architecture Consultancy for Mughal Architecture MARBLE PLAQUES OF MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE